About the Project

Climate governance works on different milieus and scales – political, economic, geographical, and temporal. It integrates current and evidence-based climate science in both political and economic planning, implementation, and review processes across national and local levels. 

This integration, with the accompanying engagement with international, regional, and national networks, increases the transformative adaptive capacity and ability of national and local institutions to pursue resilient low carbon development, for immediate, impactful, and indelible gain.

A. Governance in local, national, and international levels

Climate governance, at the local level, represents the most concrete application of effective grassroots climate action. In the Philippines, as we’ve seen, such climate action involves engaging local government units (LGUs), higher educational institutions (HEIs), industry and civil society, community stakeholders, and stakeholder groups. Facilitating processes and using instruments, such as the Climate Change Adaptation Framework (CCAF), help clarify and identify critical knowledge and practices through the broadest possible stakeholder engagement, as well as use existing institutional mechanisms, allowing stakeholders to implement climate strategies using the best available information and analysis. These then are integrated into the local climate change action plan (LCCAP), which serves as a pillar in both the comprehensive land use plan and the annual investment plan and are then supported by local ordinances, rules and regulations. Lessons, gaps, and challenges help shape and improve plans, and eventually establish practices that may then become useful for other municipalities, cities, and provinces as benchmarks in climate action at the local level. 

At the sub-national level, climate governance serves to scale up and broaden the localization of climate action. Specifically, sub-national climate governance involves the identification of synergy across local governments to translate plans into broader goals and targets, provide additional resources for these targets, further harmonize and assess development and implementation plans, and even expand the seats at the table through more multi-stakeholder participation and inter-agency cooperation through programs. 

National government engagement is intended to enable, facilitate, regulate, and monitor the national agenda, particularly identifying and securing the enabling structure, instruments, and partnerships with the necessary regulations and investment across national government agencies, as well as the national government with local governments, and beyond these, between states. This enables effective communication and resource flows, available capacity sharing and technology transfer (from the international to the local, and vice versa). National governance work involves the promotion of regional and local cooperation. The best example involves engagement with the national government on the country’s national climate action plan, specifying the adaptation priorities vis-à-vis the mitigation actions. This is exemplified in the Philippines’ nationally determined contributions (NDC), currently involving several national government agencies (NGAs), yet there is still potential for increased participation from other national and local stakeholders, as well as further alignment to the national economic development plan, both in the medium- and long-term.

Regional-level engagement on climate governance intends to build cooperation for broader political participation across countries and regions. This allows strengthened regional action among climate scientists in Southeast Asia, coupled with political engagement through networks, such as the Climate Vulnerability Forum (CVF) and the Vulnerable 20 (V20). This also informs and builds common understanding and strategic regional action among stakeholders and empowers stakeholders through formal and non-formal processes. Currently, the formation of the Asia Climate Experts (ACE), a network of climate scientists from Southeast Asia, serves as a vehicle for integrating sound climate science from which both political and economic plans can be founded. 

The international climate governance work sets the pace, amplifies, and drives collective action to influence states, including the Philippines. While a level playing field for inclusive participation and representation can be sought and country vulnerability is critical, work at the international level helps to mainstream overarching principles and sustain discussions on cross-cutting issues. With networks and partnerships beyond the country, this helps to exert greater political pressure to mobilize resources with enhanced transparency, as well as push for assessing and improving the climate regime based on equity and reality. Directly related to the Philippines’ climate action plan evidenced by the NDC, work at the international level includes work on the global stocktaking, to address the long-term temperature goals as part of the Paris Agreement.

Given the broad scope of climate governance, we highlight our work on the ground with local stakeholders, local governments, as well as other groups that have played critical roles in pushing significant progress on climate action. We cannot emphasize enough the significance of all efforts geared towards transformative change at the local level. Collaboration and the need for two-way exchange of information between stakeholders at all levels and recognition of the need to pursue progressive action continuously is highly crucial. Reflecting upward to the national level that the work at the international level is relevant on the ground empowers communities to govern for resilience.

B. Climate Change Adaptation Framework (CCAF)


The CCAF is a 10-year climate planning and resource mobilization approach that promotes a multi-stakeholder and evidence-based approach to building resilience strategies that protect local resources and increase community resilience against the impacts of climate change and other aggravating natural and anthropogenic hazards. With the help of Partners for Resilience (2016–2020), the CCAF has supported LGUs through complementing local planning processes, establishing multi-stakeholder cooperation platforms, and mobilizing resources for resilience action.

Read more about CCAF and its pilot municipalities here.

C. Partners

Growing community of practice